History of the Early American Automobile Industry


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Chapter 1

The introduction to the names of the type of horseless carriages and the beginning of the industry.

Chapter 2

The types of power from steam to spring; European automobile companies manufacturing in the United States, and unconvential sautomobile styles.

Chapter 3

Automobiles that began production from 1893-1898. This includeds Duryea, Automobile Company of America and Gasmobile, Hampden, Stevens-Duryea , Haynes-Apperson, Apperson, Haynes, Woods,  Whitney, Winton, and the Electric Vehicle models that were Columbia and Riker. The Selden Patent is fully discussed.

Chapter 4

This chapter includes witth Baker Electric, American Electric, Stanley, Locomobile, Mobile Steamer, Knox, Grout, Packard,, Stearns, Rambler, Eclipse, Cameron, Waltham, Metz,  Doble, and American Steamer.

Chapter 5

The year 1900 was a new century that held great promises for the industry, but no one at that time could have dreamed that it would become the backbone of a great nation.  E. J. Pennington, the greatest flim-flam artist of the period. The cars that are shown here include Stearns Steamer, Tractmobile, Henry Ford 1896-1902., Century, Holyoke, McKay, Steamobile, Reading, Meteor, Canda, Foster, Buffalo Electric, Pittsburgh and Autocar, National , Pope-Robinson, Pope-Waverly, Pope-Toledo, Pope-Waverly, Pope-Hartford, and Pope-Tribune

Chapter 6

Two humorous accounts of accidents are recorded. The cars shown here are the Loomis, Peerless,  Pierce and Pierce-Arrow, and all of the companies that made cars in St. Louis.

Chapter 7

This chapter has  the Marlboro, Wheeler, Franklin, Thomas, White, and Buffum automobiles.

Chapter 8

Chapter 8, describes what was hapenning in 1901 and 1902 ithe industry wih most histories of many of the cars that were made that year. Most imprtant subject that is the demise of the lead Taxi Cab Company.

Chapter 9

Up until 1903, the American automobile was pooh-poohed by our overseas contemporaries as being "goofers". This chapter brings the industry to the forefront with its automobiles, races, and tourism. America was truely on the move.

Chapter 10

1904 Automobiles and advertisements are featured in this chapter. They are: Flint, Marr,, Whiting, Loraine, Buick, Michigan, Logan, Marion, Marble-Swift, Beverly, Compound, Dawson, Wolverine, Buckmobile, Premier, Bates, Dolson, Royal Electric, Imperial, Santos Dumont, Niagra, Taunton, Mercury, Geneva, Otto Car, Hasse, and Seabury.

Chapter 11

The Lambert Automobile Company is the first one featured here, then comes an extensive review of the Ford Company. After that, the featured cars are the Cadillac, Studebaker, and Auburn

Chapter 12

The Overland is the main feature of this chapter with all of its models shown. Then comes Stephens, Parry, Jewell, Croxton-Keeton, Ohio, Royal Tourist, Hoffman, Berg, Car De Luxe, Yale, Pathfinder, Northern, King, and Briscoe

Chapter 13

Shown in this chapter are the  models that began manufacturing in 1906 including Kissel Car Company and their 1905-06 Badger models and the Farmers Wagon  built by International-Harvest Company. Other Automobiles include Monarch, Aurora, Williams, Dorchester, Smith, La Petite, Paragon, Marvel, Banker Juvenile, Carey, Colburn, Windsor, Zentmobile, Single Center, Bliss, Merkel, Deere, Midland, Reliable Dayton, Eagle, Culver, Postal, and Elite Junior.

Chapter 14

The cars of 1907 include Bailey Electric with pictures of every car that they made including the only picture known and first shown of the 1907  model. Others are Diamond T, Duer, Autocycle, Klink, Holmes, Kermath, Hewitt, Pratt Six Wheeler, Cornish-Friedberg, Albany, Servitor, Hatfield, Gearless, Anderson, Bailey Gasoline, Pensylvania, Silent Knight, Harper, Jenkins, Maryland, Okey, Euclid, and Triumph

Chapter 15

The troubles of 1907 followed the industry into the spring of 1908. The high wheel  cars were at its peak. This chapter deals with these times and the cars that were introduced that year. Continental, Griswold, Menges, Hay-Berg, Payne Modern, U.S. Motor, Blomstrom, Pickard, Sterling, Meteor, Benner Six, H.B. Motor Buggy, Eureka, Cole, Middleby, Sharp-Arrow, Eagle, Hobbie, Peets, De Schaum, Snyder, Dixie, Star, Bugmobile, Mier, Chief, Hennegin, Lenox Electric, Webb-Jay, and Lindsley.

Chapter 16

Was R.C. Rupp the largest scammer in the automobile industry? This chapter has all the automobile companies that he built. Others include:
White Star, Carhartt, Lexington, Detroit Electric, Chicago Electric, Pullman, Kline Kar, Owen Magnetic, Krit, Columbus, and Mason.

Chapter 17

By 1910, most high wheel models had begun to closed down for they had lost favor with the public. However, a few models were still being made with a regular automobile body and a few companies had startups. These were Morse, Sibley, Spaulding, Wilcox, Meteor, Rockwell, Cino, Abbott-Detroit, Cutting, Brenner, Anhut, Wisco, Starr, Great Eagle, Decauter, Koehler, Detroit-Dearborn, Badger, and Only.  Also, 1910 was a year for lawsuits between E. M. F. and Studebaker and also the Seldenites and  Independants were challenging each other that was to determine the future of the automobile industry.  A. L. A. M's patent rights was upheld by a court's ruling. However the biggest news was  the breakup of General Motors and their models.:  Their well known companies have already been discussed. However these have not: Carter Car, Oakland, Welch, Elmore, Ranier, Geneva Ewing, Rapid and Reliance truck companies.

Chapter 18

Featured here are the automobiles that were incorporated into the United States Motor Car Company and the breakup in 1912.  They were: Maxwell, Columbia, Brush, Titan, Alden Sampson, Stoddard-Dayton, Thomas, and Flanders. Also features are Kelsey, Chalmers-Detroit, Jewett,  Chalmers, Page-Detroit and Paige,

Chapter 19

The history of the Reo leads off the chapter with some pictures not published before followed by Fritchle Electric, Brownie Kar, Mora, Hudson and Essex, Chevrolet, Nash, Atlas, Pierce-Racine, Case, and Mitchell.

Chapter 20

This chapter includes Berkshire, Matheson, K-D Touring (The only automobile that was ever  made by two women), Palmer-Singer, Halladay, Roamer, Kenworthy, Martin-Wasp, American Underslung, De Tamble, Alco, Harrison, Lenox, Herreshoff, Interstate, Marathon, Herrf-Brooks, Partin-Palmer, and Speedwell.

Chapter 21

1913 was the year for inventions of the automobile industry. It was also the year for the reappearance of the cyclecars with over 80 factories making them. This chapter contains a large number of them, and some of the "Light Cars" that followed.

Chapter 22

A photograph of the first 1914 Dodge an the Dodge history begins this page. This photograph does not appear in any automobile trade papers or any web site. It was found in an article written in a family magazine in 1914. The startups of the companies in 1914 are shown with a short history of each one. They are: Dodge, Allen, Benham,  Doble, Herff-Brooks, Saxon, Chandler, Rex, Wahl, Pilgrim, Monroe, Fischer, Milburn, Hall, Cartermobile, Inter-State, Vulcan, F. R. P., Porter, Argo, Scrips-Booth, Saginaw, Elbert, Morse, Robie, Lincoln Highway, and Cornelian.

Chapter 23

This chapter covers the industry's history in 1915 and shows nearly all of the cars that began in this year. 1915 was one of the best years that the industry ever had up to that point. It was truly a boom year. Ross, Remington, Sphinx, Jones, Bailey-Knapp, Stewart, Dudly Electric, Hollier, Schebler, Monitor, Dort, Hecules, Mecca, Thomas, HAL, Moore, Fostoria, Madison, Bidle, New Era, Harvard, and Peter Pan

Chapter 24

This chapter has the industry with the history, photographs, and advertisements of the cars that started production in 1916. They were HAL, Laurel, Sun, Gadabout, Roamer, Dixie Flyer,  Columbia, Anderson, Bour-Davis, Ross, Liberty, Brown, Allard, Elcar, Hackett, Yale, Kent, Majestic, Daniels, Maihbom, Stephens, Jordan, Patterson Greenfield, and Bell.

Chapter 25

1917 started out with a bang and the industry was estatsic, but before summer had arrived, it was in turmoil for the manufacturers realized that they had to put the automobiles aside and start preparing for the on coming war. However, a few companies introduced their modrls. They were Fageol, Harroun, Hassler, Pan American, Moore-Car, Comonwealth, Darling, Olympian, Templar, and Deering-Magnetic.

Chapter 26

In 1918, the country came first. Every manufacturer was determined to do their very best and it was patriotism over profits. Building of cars continued on a limited degree, but with no changes in styles. Very few models came on the market during this yeaa and listed are the Comet, Tulsa, and Revere,

Chapter 27

The first six months of 1919 was retooling time from war materials to automobile production. There were very few changes, if any, from the previous two years. In spite of all of this, automobile shows were planned in all sections of the country and met with great success. Cars introduce were Hatfield, Pan, Midget, Noma, Spacke, Highlander, Dupont, Climber, and Huffman.

Chapter 28

This Chapter deals with the many problems of the industry in 1920 showing the cars that were introduced during that year. By the end of the year, the industry began to go down hill because of labor disputes that cause serious slow downs. Cars that began were Dusenberg, Argonne, H. C. S., Ferris, and Amco

Chapter 29

1921 was considered by the manufacturers of that year was the worst one in the history of the  automotive industry

Chapter 30

From 1922, except for a few bumps, the industry settled down and had a period of growth until 1929, when another recession set in a the Great Depression when a great number of companies stopped production. Also during this time consolidation of companies into corporations were taking place that would shape its future until the present day. Durant Motors withsix makes came and went, Rickenbacker was born and died. Chrysler Corporation was created and became a contender with General Motors and Ford and Fisher became the largest body maker that it is today. Listed are a few independent companies that went into production: Bay State, Gray, Standish, Luxor, Stewart-Coats, American Rolls-Royce, Birmingham, Barley, and Courier.

Chapter 31

Several juvenile and small cars make up this chapter.

Chapter 32

There were 30 companies building bodies in Amesbury from 1894-1932. Each one is listed with images of automobiles that they worked for. Eight companies made automobiles and some of their cars are shown. There were 40 satellite companies making parts for automobiles.

Chapter 33

Massachusets was one of the most productive states in automobile manufacturing with over 180 known to have done so. This chapter contains 165 of them with images of their cars, advertisements, and pertinent information.


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